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Dyczkowski : The Philosophy of Recognition

vendredi 9 mars 2018

honnêteté
honestidade
honesty
honneur
honra
honradez
honor
honour
retitude
retidão

The Pratyabhijnā Identität
identité
identidade
identity
identidad
pratyabhijnā
pratyabhijñā
reconnaissance
reconhecimento
[The Philosophy Philosophie
philosophy
filosofia
filosofía
φιλοσοφία
philosophia
of Recognition] represents the fullest expression of Śaiva monism, systematically worked out into a rational theology teologia
théologie
teología
theology
θεολογία
of Śiva Shiva
Śiva
le Seigneur
and philosophy of absolute Absolu
Absoluto
Absolute
Absoluteness
Bhairava
Paramaśiva
consciousness Gewissen
conscience
consciência
conciencia
consciencia
Bewusstsein
Bewußtsein
consciencidade
consciousness
conscient
purusârtha
samvid
bodha
cit
chit
with which He is identified. The Pratyabhijnā takes its name from the Stanzas on the Recognition of God Gott
Dieu
Deus
God
Dios
theos
(Īśvarapratyabhijnākārikā) written by Utpaladeva Utpaladeva
Utp
Utpala
Utpaladeva (« Seigneur du Lotus Bleu ») ou Utpalācārya (Xe siècle), philosophe shivaïte (śaivasiddhānta) du Cachemire, élève de Somānanda et maître de Abhinavagupta.
towards the beginning of the tenth century. Utpaladeva understood the ultimate experience of enlightenment illumination
enlightenment
iluminação
iluminación
Brahma-vidyā
to consist essentially of a profound and irreversible recognition that one’s own authentic identity is Śiva Himself. According to him :

The man Mensch
homme
être humain
ser humano
human being
homem
hombre
the man
anthropos
hommes
humanité
humanity
état humain
estado humano
human state
blinded by ignorance ignorance
ignorância
ignorancia
ajñāna
ajnana
tamas
(Maya Maya
maya
Mâyâ
Māyā
illusion
ilusão
ilusión
) and bound by his actions (karma karma
kamma
karmma
) is fettered to the round of birth and death Tod
mort
morte
muerte
death
thanatos
mourir
morrer
die
morir
, but when knowledge connaissance
gnosis
intuition intellectuelle
gnôsis
connaître
conhecer
gnose
knowledge
know
conocer
conocimiento
conhecimento
jñāna
jnāna
jnana
inspires the recognition of his divine divin
divinité
divino
divindade
divindad
divine
divinity
Godhead
sovereignty and power possibilité
potentialité
Toute-Possibilité
pouvoir
poder
power
(aīśvarya maïtrise
mestria
mastery
aīśvarya
) he, full of consciousness alone, is a liberated soul âme
psyche
psukhê
alma
soul
atman
ātman
atmâ
âtmâ
.

According to Utpaladeva, the soul is bound because he has forgotten his authentic identity and can only achieve liberation délivrance
libération
liberação
liberation
liberación
moksha
mokṣa
, the ultimate goal of life Leben
vie
vida
life
zoe
, by recognising his true universal nature nature
physis
phusis
phúsis
natura
natureza
naturaleza
. Realising that everything is a part of himself, extending his being Seiende
Seiendes
Seienden
l'étant
étants
ente
entes
sendo
beings
being
in wonderfully diverse forms, the fettered soul achieves this recognition and with it the [18] conviction that he is not a slave of creation Création
Criação
criação
creation
creación
(paśu) but its master (pati). In this way Weg
chemin
caminho
way
camino
he who thought himself weak discovers his spiritual might. Failing to recognise his identity with Śiva, the one L'Un
hen
hén
Uno
the One
reality Bestand
Grundbestand
Realität 
réalité
realité fondamentale
réalité subsistante
real
réel
realidad
realidade
reality
Who is the life and Being of every existing thing, the soul perceives only their individual Einzelnhet
singularité
singularidade
singularity
singularidad
individuality
individualidade
individualidad
individuation
individuação
individu
indivíduo
individuum
individual
vereinzelt
isolé
Vereinzeltung
isolement
Vereinzelung
esseulement
singularização
créature
criatura
creature
personne
pessoa
person
identity and thus severs them from one another and from himself. For this reason dianoia
la raison
raison discursive
reason
razão
razón
he is seemingly sullied by his actions and afflicted by the myriad conditions that stand as obstacles to the realisation of his goals. Yearning for liberation, he is like a young woman femme
mulher
woman
mujer
feminino
féminin
feminin
fêmea
female
betrothed by arrangement to a handsome man. Hearing Hören 
l’entendre
escutar
escuta
oír
hearing
Hinhören
écoute
écouter
of his many fine qualities she comes to love amour
eros
éros
amor
love
him even though she has never seen him. One day they chance to meet but she remains indifferent to him until she notices that he possesses the qualities of the man she is to marry and so, to her great delight, she recognises him. Similarly, just as man and wife become one in spirit esprit
espírito
spirit
mente
mind
manas
mental
, so the fettered soul becomes one with Śiva by recognising his identity with him, and is liberated.


Voir en ligne : UTPALADEVA

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