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Dyczkowski : The Doctrine of Vibration

vendredi 9 mars 2018

honnêteté
honestidade
honesty
honneur
honra
honradez
honor
honour
retitude
retidão

Just as the Pratyabhijnā Identität
identité
identidade
identity
identidad
pratyabhijnā
pratyabhijñā
reconnaissance
reconhecimento
school is named after Utpaladeva Utpaladeva
Utp
Utpala
Utpaladeva (« Seigneur du Lotus Bleu ») ou Utpalācārya (Xe siècle), philosophe shivaïte (śaivasiddhānta) du Cachemire, élève de Somānanda et maître de Abhinavagupta.
’s Stanzas on the Recognition of God Gott
Dieu
Deus
God
Dios
theos
, so the Spanda Réverbération
réverbération
reverberação
reverberation
reverbaración
vibration
vibração
vibración
echo
eco
tremor
Spanda
school takes its name from one of its root Grund
Fundament 
fondement
fundamento
Fundamente
fondations
fondation
ādhāra
root
texts, namely, the Spandakārikā SpK
Spandakārikā
Spandakarika
, the Stanzas on Vibration. The philosophy Philosophie
philosophy
filosofia
filosofía
φιλοσοφία
philosophia
of the Pratyabhijnā focuses on the liberating recognition of the soul âme
psyche
psukhê
alma
soul
atman
ātman
atmâ
âtmâ
’s authentic identity as Śiva Shiva
Śiva
le Seigneur
while the [21] Doctrine doctrine
doutrina
canon
cânone
of Vibration stresses instead the importance of experiencing Spanda, the vibration or pulse of consciousness Gewissen
conscience
consciência
conciencia
consciencia
Bewusstsein
Bewußtsein
consciencidade
consciousness
conscient
purusârtha
samvid
bodha
cit
chit
. The mainstay of the Doctrine of Vibration is the contemplative experience the awakened yogi has of his true nature nature
physis
phusis
phúsis
natura
natureza
naturaleza
as the universal perceiving and acting consciousness. Every activity in the universe Univers
Universo
Universe
, as well as every perception Wahrnehmung 
Vernehmen
perception
percepção
percepción
, notion, sensation expérience
aisthesis
experiência
sensação
impressão
impression
impresión
sensación
sensation
sentience
vāsanā
or emotion Gefühle
sentiment
sentiments
sentimentos
feelings
sentimientos
emotion
emoção
emoción
emotions
emoções
emociones
bhava
in the microcosm ebbs and flows as part of the universal rhythm of the one L'Un
hen
hén
Uno
the One
reality Bestand
Grundbestand
Realität 
réalité
realité fondamentale
réalité subsistante
real
réel
realidad
realidade
reality
, which is Śiva, the one God Who is the pure conscious agent and perceiver. According to the Doctrine of Vibration, man can realise his true nature to be Śiva by experiencing Spanda, the dynamic, recurrent and creative activity of the absolute Absolu
Absoluto
Absolute
Absoluteness
Bhairava
Paramaśiva
.

The Spanda school, like the Pratyabhijnā, originated and developed in Kashmir through the works of known authors, not in anonymous Tantras. Indeed, the origins of this school mark the beginnings of Kashmiri Śaivism in our modem sense of the term. In the first half of the ninth century, a Śaiva ascetic called Vasugupta received, Ksemarāja tells us, a revelation from Śiva in a dream sonho
rêve
dream
Morphée
songe
in which he was told that an important message for all mankind lay hidden on Mount Mahādeva anjo
anjos
ange
anges
angel
angeles
arcanjo
arcanjos
archange
archanges
deva
devas
in Kashmir. Going to the spot indicated to him, he found a boulder on which were inscribed the Aphorisms of Śiva (Śivasūtra). Consisting of some eighty brief statements, the Sivasūtra summarizes the essentials of monistic Śaiva Yoga Yoga
Ioga
. Although its authorship is traditionally attributed, as is scripture, to Śiva Himself, it is nonetheless the first Kashmiri Śaiva Śivaïsme du Kaśmïr
Shivaïsme du Cachemire
Xivaísmo de Caxemira
Shivaismo de Caxemira
Kashmir Shaivism
Kashmiri Śaiva
work. Concise as it is profound, the Sivasūtra required explanation and so commentaries came to be written, four quatre
quaternité
quaternidade
cuatro
cuaternidad
four
quaternity
fourfoldness
of which survive. The most extensive is the Vimarsini by Kşemarāja, Abhinavagupta Abhinavagupta
Abhinava
AG
Abh
Abhinavagupta (950-1020), maître du shivaïsme du Cachemire, aussi maître en yoga, tantra, poétique, dramaturgie.
’s closest disciple. It has already been translated into a number Zahl
nombre
número
number
nombres
números
numbers
of languages. Varadarāja, Kşemarāja’s junior contemporary, wrote another commentary largely based on Kşemarāja’s work. Although lacking originality it does contain a few novel ideas. It is not just a summary cf it, as is the anonymous Sivasūtravrtti. A fourth commentary, by Bhāskara, however, differs from it in many respects. Predating Kşemarāja’s work, it appears to represent an independent commentatorial tradition diadosis
tradition
tradição
tradición
. It is, as yet, untranslated.


Voir en ligne : MARK DYCZKOWSKI