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Dyczkowski : God

vendredi 9 mars 2018

honnêteté
honestidade
honesty
honneur
honra
honradez
honor
honour
retitude
retidão

Both dynamic and creative, this divine divin
divinité
divino
divindade
divindad
divine
divinity
Godhead
power possibilité
potentialité
Toute-Possibilité
pouvoir
poder
power
is Spanda Réverbération
réverbération
reverberação
reverberation
reverbaración
vibration
vibração
vibración
echo
eco
tremor
Spanda
—the vibration of consciousness Gewissen
conscience
consciência
conciencia
consciencia
Bewusstsein
Bewußtsein
consciencidade
consciousness
conscient
purusârtha
samvid
bodha
cit
chit
. Its universal activity is the basis of Siva’s divine sovereign status. Indeed, Spanda is Siva’s most essential nature nature
physis
phusis
phúsis
natura
natureza
naturaleza
for without it He would not be God Gott
Dieu
Deus
God
Dios
theos
. As Kşemarāja says :

Thus God (bhagavat) is always the Spanda principle Principe
arche
arkhê
princípio
Princípio
Principio
Principle
with its dependent categories Kategorien
catégories
categorias
categorías
categories
kategoriai
— He is not motionless (aspanda) as those who say, ‘the supreme reality Bestand
Grundbestand
Realität 
réalité
realité fondamentale
réalité subsistante
real
réel
realidad
realidade
reality
is perfectly inactive (aspanda)’. If that were so, His nature would be a self Selbst
soi-même
Soi
si mesmo
Self
si mismo
A non-personal, all-inclusive awareness.
-confined stasis (śāntasvarūpa) and so He would not be God at all.

The supreme reality which is ‘perfectly inactive’ is like the Vedāntin’s Brahman Brahman . Although the Vedāntin says that ‘God alone is the source of all things’, Brahman cannot be a creator God (īśvara) for His supposed creation Création
Criação
criação
creation
creación
is unreal. A creator implies that His creation is a separate reality and this would contravene the fundamental principles on which Advaita non-dualité
não-dualidade
advaita
non-duality
non-dualidad
non-dualisme
Vedānta Vedānta
Vedanta
Vedânta
Védânta
bases its concept begreifen 
concevoir
conceber
Begriff
conceito
concept
conception
concepção
concepción
of non-duality dualité
dyade
duality
dualidad
dualidade
dois
two
deux
. Accordingly, Śañkara Shankara
Shamkara
Sankara
Śañkara
Shankarasharya
Çankara
Śankara
Çamkara
says :

God’s rulership, omniscience and omnipotence are contingent to limiting adjuncts conjured up by nescience : in reality such terms as ruler and ruled, omniscience etc., cannot be used with regard to the Self shining in its own nature.

[46] Kashmiri Śaivism, on the contrary, believes in a personal absolute Absolu
Absoluto
Absolute
Absoluteness
Bhairava
Paramaśiva
God Who is the one L'Un
hen
hén
Uno
the One
reality (īśvarādvayavāda). The planes within the absolute correspond to a hierarchy of deities which rule over them, empowered to do so by the Supreme Deity : consciousness. Absolute Deity is the highest level of consciousness which stands at the supreme summit of Being Seiende
Seiendes
Seienden
l'étant
étants
ente
entes
sendo
beings
being
(parakāşţhã). It is attained by a process of ascent through higher levels or, in other words, through increasingly expanded states of consciousness, until we reach the highest and most complete state of expansion possible (pūrnavikāsa). The Supreme Lord rests at the end Ende
la fin
o final
o fim
el fin
finalité
finalidade
finalidad
the end
the goal
purpose
propósito
telos
télos
meta
of the expansion or evolution evolução
évolution
evolution
evolución
of objectivity subjectivité
objectivité
subjetividade
objetividade
subjectividad
objectividad
subjectivity
objectivity
Subjektivität
Objektivität
from the lowest level to the supramental state (unmanā) of pure consciousness.

This supreme state is named variously in the differing traditions syncretised into Kashmiri Śaivism. Thus Bhairava (the ‘wrathful’ form of Śiva Shiva
Śiva
le Seigneur
) figures as the supreme God in Abhinavagupta Abhinavagupta
Abhinava
AG
Abh
Abhinavagupta (950-1020), maître du shivaïsme du Cachemire, aussi maître en yoga, tantra, poétique, dramaturgie.
’s works when he deals with the doctrine doctrine
doutrina
canon
cânone
and ritual of the Kaula schools (including Trika and Krama) and those in various ways linked to them. This male principle is associated with corresponding female femme
mulher
woman
mujer
feminino
féminin
feminin
fêmea
female
ones such as Kālī shakti
kālī
kali
l'Énergie
, Kālasañkarşinī (the ‘Attractress of Time’), Mātŗsadbhāva (the ‘Essence essence
ousía
ousia
essência
essentia
esencia
essence
of Subjectivity’) and Parā (the ‘Supreme’). In the Spanda school the supreme male deity is Śiva Who is also called Śañkara, while Spanda is by some identified with the Goddess. When no sectarian distinctions are intended, the supreme is simply called Parameśvara (the Supreme Lord), Paramaśiva or just Śiva.


Voir en ligne : MARK DYCZKOWSKI

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