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Dyczkowski : Unity and Diversity

vendredi 9 mars 2018

honnêteté
honestidade
honesty
honneur
honra
honradez
honor
honour
retitude
retidão

The one L'Un
hen
hén
Uno
the One
reality Bestand
Grundbestand
Realität 
réalité
realité fondamentale
réalité subsistante
real
réel
realidad
realidade
reality
is manifest both as unity Einheit
unité
unidade
unidad
unity
and diversity. There can [42] be no real unity unless diverse elements éléments
elementos
elements
stoicheion
stoicheia
are united in the wholeness of totality Ganze
Ganzheit
Ganzsein
Ganzseinkönnen 
le tout
totalité
être-tout
pouvoir-être-tout
intégralité
entièreté
o todo
totalidade
ser-todo
ser-um-todo
nikhila
totality
. On the other hand, without unity, diversity would be unintelligible. A total dispersion of elements does not constitute diversity but a number Zahl
nombre
número
number
nombres
números
numbers
of single, unrelated units. Just as everything that falls into a salt mine becomes salty, so all this diversity, grounded in unity, shares in the single flavour of oneness. There is an undeniable difference différence
bheda
diferença
difference
between individual Einzelnhet
singularité
singularidade
singularity
singularidad
individuality
individualidade
individualidad
individuation
individuação
individu
indivíduo
individuum
individual
vereinzelt
isolé
Vereinzeltung
isolement
Vereinzelung
esseulement
singularização
créature
criatura
creature
personne
pessoa
person
phenomena, but the distinction we perceive between two dualité
dyade
duality
dualidad
dualidade
dois
two
deux
entities which leads us to think denken
pensar
penser
think
pensamento
pensée
pensamiento
thinking
that one differs from the other is merely external. Relative distinction is not an inherent quality tendance
tendência
tendency
qualité
qualidade
calidad
quality
attribut
atributo
atribute
guna
gunas
of things that can divide their innate nature nature
physis
phusis
phúsis
natura
natureza
naturaleza
, not because this division discordance
discordância
desagreement
discordancia
inharmonie
desarmonia
divisão
separação
division
séparation
división
separación
esprit-divisé
split-mind
mente-dividida
eu-separado
conflit
conflito
conflict
neikos
impureté
souillure
mala
(bheda) is in any way Weg
chemin
caminho
way
camino
unreal, but because it operates within the domain of the real, which appears as phenomenally manifest. Division (bheda) is merely the relative distinction between two manifest entities ; it is based on the difference between their manifest form.

“Relative distinction between two realities (tattva tattva ),” writes Abhinava Abhinavagupta
Abhinava
AG
Abh
Abhinavagupta (950-1020), maître du shivaïsme du Cachemire, aussi maître en yoga, tantra, poétique, dramaturgie.
, “is not impossible. This is the doctrine doctrine
doutrina
canon
cânone
of Supreme Unity in which relative distinction is neither shunned nor accepted. While there is [an external] difference between phenomena, there is none [inwardly], established as they are in their own essential nature.”

Reality is the One (eka) which becomes manifest as the many (bahu). Universal Being Seiende
Seiendes
Seienden
l'étant
étants
ente
entes
sendo
beings
being
moves between two poles, viz., diversification of the one and unification unicité
unicidade
unicity
unicidad
wahdat
philia
amizade
favor
propiciação
favorecimento
unification
unificação
unificación
of the many. Thought (vikalpa) interferes with our direct intuitive understanding Verständnis
compreensão
entendimento
compréhension
entente
comprensión
understanding
of this fact and splits up the two aspects of this movement into separate categories Kategorien
catégories
categorias
categorías
categories
kategoriai
. Reality is a structured whole consisting of a graded hierarchy (tāratamya) of metaphysical principles corresponding to the planes of existence Existenz
existence
exister
existentia
existência
existencia
bios
(daśā). On the lowest planes up to the level of Māyā Maya
maya
Mâyâ
Māyā
illusion
ilusão
ilusión
, we experience division (bheda) between objects and ourselves ; at the highest level we reach the plane of unity (abheda) which pervades and contains within itself all the others. Maheśvarānanda writes :

We maintain that the basis of duality (bheda) in the [empirical] universe Univers
Universo
Universe
is a phase (vibhāga) [of reality] ! The separation between things is certainly not adventitious (upādhi) for then they [i.e., the object sujet
objet
sujeito
objeto
subject
object
Subjekt
Objekt
and its separatedness] being two, unity would stand contradicted.

He goes on to say :

The various categories of existence (padārtha), though distinct from one another in their [outer innen
intérieur
interior
inner
außen
aussen
extérieur
exterior
outer
Innenseins
être intérieur
ser interior
interiority
antaratva
form] must be, in terms of their essential specific nature, a single collective reality.


Voir en ligne : MARK DYCZKOWSKI

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