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Masson & Patwardhan : Sāntarasa and Abhinavagupta’s Philosophy of Aesthetics

samedi 21 avril 2018

honnêteté
honestidade
honesty
honneur
honra
honradez
honor
honour
retitude
retidão

Śāntarasa might be translated as “ the imaginative experience of tranquility ”. It is an issue on which there exists some confusion.


We have tried to show in this volume how often Abhinava Abhinavagupta
Abhinava
AG
Abh
Abhinavagupta (950-1020), maître du shivaïsme du Cachemire, aussi maître en yoga, tantra, poétique, dramaturgie.
draws on santarasa for his major contribution to Sanskrit aesthetics, the theory of rasa rasa
saveur
sabor
taste
flavor
parfum
perfume
. Reduced to its bare essentials the theory is as follows : watching a play jeu
jogo
juego
play
lila
lîlâ
game
or reading a poem for the sensitive reader (sahŗdaya) entails a loss of the sense of present time and space Raum
Räumlichkeit
räumlich
espace
espacialité
espaço
espacialidade
espacial
espacio
espacialidad
space
spaciality
spatial
. All worldly considerations for the time Zeit
le temps
o tempo
the time
el tiempo
chronos
kala
being Seiende
Seiendes
Seienden
l'étant
étants
ente
entes
sendo
beings
being
cease. Since we are not indifferent (tatastha) to what is taking place Ort
lieu
lugar
location
locus
place
, our involvement must be of a purer variety than we normally experience. We are not directly and personally involved, so the usual medley of desires and anxieties dissolve. Our hearts respond sympathetically (hŗdayasammda) but not selfishly. Finally the response becomes total, all-engrossing, and we identify with the situation depicted (tanmay’ibhavana ). The ego ego
egoísmo
egoism
egoisme
le moi
le mien
« Je »
is transcended, and for the duration of the aesthetic experience, the normal waking “ I ” is suspended. Once this actually happens, we suddenly find that our responses are not like anything we have hitherto experienced, for now that all normal emotions Gefühle
sentiment
sentiments
sentimentos
feelings
sentimientos
emotion
emoção
emoción
emotions
emoções
emociones
bhava
are gone, now that the hard knot of “selfness” has been untied, we find ourselves in an unprecedented state of mental esprit
espírito
spirit
mente
mind
manas
mental
and emotional calm. The purity pureté
pureza
purity
clairté
clareza
clearness
of our emotion and the intensity of it take us to a higher level of pleasure plaisir
prazer
pleasure
hedone
kama
kāma
kâma
amour du plaisir
philedonía
than we could know connaissance
gnosis
intuition intellectuelle
gnôsis
connaître
conhecer
gnose
knowledge
know
conocer
conocimiento
conhecimento
jnāna
jnana
before - we experience sheer undifferentiated bliss (ānandaikaghana) for we have come into direct contact with the deepest recesses of our own unconscious where the memory mnemosyne
memória
mémoire
memory
of a primeval unity Einheit
unité
unidade
unidad
unity
between man and the universe Univers
Universo
Universe
is still strong. Inadvertently, says Abhinavagupta, we have arrived at the same inner innen
intérieur
interior
inner
außen
aussen
extérieur
exterior
outer
Innenseins
être intérieur
ser interior
interiority
antaratva
terrain as that occupied by the mystic mysticisme
misticismo
mysticism
μυστικός
mystikos
místico
místicos
mystic
mystique
, though our aim was very different from his. Such an experience cannot but make us impatient with the ordinary turmoil of emotions that is our inner life Leben
vie
vida
life
zoe
, and though Abhinava never explicitly says so, one cannot help feeling that he expects the reader to search quête
busca
demanda
search
quest
out now these experiences on a more permanent basis.

Voir en ligne : SĀNTARASA AND ABHINAVAGUPTA’S PHILOSOPHY OF AESTHETICS